Mozambique News Agency

AIM Reports

Election special


Final election results

Maputo, 12 Nov (AIM) - Mozambique's ruling Frelimo Party will have an overwhelming majority of seats in the incoming parliament, according to the results of the 28 October general elections, officially announced in Maputo on Wednesday by the National Elections Commission (CNE).

The final results are as follows:

Presidential election
Armando Guebuza (Frelimo)
75.00 per cent
Afonso Dhlakama (Renamo)
16.41 per cent
Daviz Simango (MDM)
8.59 per cent
Parliamentary election
74.66 per cent
17.68 per cent
3.93 per cent

16 minor parties were on the ballot paper in one or more of the constituencies, but none of them took even as much as one per cent of the total vote. Bottom of the list was the Party of Social Democratic Reconciliation (PRDS), which took just 399 votes - 0.01 per cent.

Embarrassingly, the percentages given in the CNE document on the results are wrong, adding up to 100.61 per cent for the presidential and 100.55 per cent for the parliamentary elections. In this item, AIM has taken the liberty of correcting the CNE's mathematics.

The CNE gave the turnout for the presidential election as 44.52 per cent of the electorate of 9.8 million, and as 44.44 per cent for the parliamentary election - which suggests that a few thousand voters were only interested in voting for the president and did not accept a parliamentary ballot paper (or possibly that there have been other minor mathematical errors somewhere on the chain between the polling stations and the CNE).

Breakdown of parliamentary seats

Frelimo will hold 191 of the 250 seats. The main opposition party, Renamo, will have 51, and the breakaway Mozambique Democratic Movement (MDM), led by the mayor of Beira, Daviz Simango will hold the remaining eight.

Frelimo has a majority of seats in every province except Sofala where it holds 10 seats and the combined opposition also has 10.

The results are slightly different from those announced in the provinces, in that Renamo has gained two seats from Frelimo - one in Niassa, and one in Sofala. This can only have resulted from the CNE's "requalification" of the votes declared as invalid at the polling stations.

Every blank and invalid ballot is sent to the CNE for confirmation. In all elections there has been a trend for polling station staff to interpret the rules strictly, and to throw out as invalid ballots where the voter has put his cross or fingerprint slightly outside the box of his preferred candidate.

Where the CNE judges that the voter's intention was clear, such votes are rescued and given back to the candidates. In all the elections to date, this procedure has tended to benefit Renamo more than Frelimo.

However, the CNE could not rescue votes that were fraudulently invalidated, when a member of the polling station staff added an ink mark to make it seem as if the voter had tried to vote for two candidates. The law states explicitly that any ballot paper with marks against two or more candidates must be regarded as invalid - doubtless the legislators did not imagine that unscrupulous or corrupt staff would defraud the will of the voters.

The final breakdown of seats by constituency is as follows. For purposes of comparison, the number of seats won in 2004 is put in brackets.

Total seats
14 (12)
12 (9)
2 (3)
Cabo Delgado
22 (22)
19 (18)
 3 (4)
45 (50)
32 (27)
13 (23)
45 (48)
26 (19) 
19 (29)
20 (18)
18 (14)
2 (4)
16 (14)
12 (7)
4 (7)
20 (22)
10 (6)
5 (18)
16 (16)
15 (15)
1 (1)
16 (17)
16 (17)
0 (0)
Maputo Province
16 (13)
15 (12)
1 (1)
Maputo City
18 (16)
14 (14)
1 (2)
1 (1)
1 (1)
0 (0)
Rest of world   
1 (1)
1  (1)
0 (0)
250 (250)
191 (160)
51 (90)

Since the MDM was only founded in March this year, these are the first elections in which it has participated.

The comparison with 2004 is flawed because in that year, as in 1999, Renamo competed as part of a coalition, the Renamo-Electoral Union, with ten minor parties. The bitter split within Renamo that gave rise to the MDM means that several of the eight MDM deputies are not new to parliament - they were Renamo-Electoral Union deputies in the previous parliament.

The changes in the number of seats per province reflects the changes in the percentage of voters registered in each province.

Renamo rejects the results

Renamo has continued its long tradition of rejecting the results of Mozambican general elections. In an immediate reaction to the official results, announced by the National Elections Commission (CNE) on Wednesday, showing that the ruling Frelimo Party won with 75 per cent of the votes, Renamo general secretary Ossufo Momade, demanded that the elections be annulled and a transitional government be set up to run the country until the electoral laws could be overhauled and new polls organised.

At a hastily convened Maputo press conference, Momade made a personal attack on Felisberto Naife, general director of the Electoral Administration Technical Secretariat (STAE), the executive body of the CNE, claiming that he had organised the massive fraud alleged by Renamo.

Momade claimed that Renamo had been taken by surprise when it found that its candidates had been disqualified for about half the district constituencies for the elections for the provincial assemblies. But it is impossible that Renamo did not know about this, since the decision was taken by the CNE and two of the CNE's 13 members were appointed by Renamo.

Renamo appeared to agree with the CNE that it had not provided the legally required documentation for its candidates for the provincial assemblies, since it made no protest at the time (early September) either publicly, or through an appeal to the Constitutional Council.

Momade said that Renamo is in favour of peace, but he did not exclude "new sacrifices" in order "to save democracy".

In Beira, the Renamo provincial political delegate, Fernando Mbararano, produced what he claimed was new evidence of fraud. This was a 15-year-old girl, who claimed that her school director had coerced her into voting for Frelimo - even though she is a minor and so is not on the electoral register.

The girl said that on the day of the elections, as she was returning from a visit to the local market, she met the director in the street, who said that she must vote, and if she refused she would fail the year. He provided her with a voter card in the name of someone called, according to the girl, "Joao". This is one of the most common names in the Portuguese language, which makes her story almost impossible to check.

Even if the girl's story is true, that is one vote out of the 4.3 million cast. No observer or journalist witnessed large numbers of underage girls, armed with phoney voter cards, queuing up at the polling stations.

Renamo waited for a fortnight before producing this witness - by which time the indelible ink put on the index finger of anyone voting has worn off. The other problem with this story is that the seventh grade schoolgirl, terrified of her director on 28 August, was quite willing to denounce him in public two weeks later.

As a mechanism for committing fraud, recruiting 15 year olds seems remarkably inefficient - for there is no way the director could know who the girl had really voted for in the secrecy of the voting booth.

The Mozambique Democratic Movement (MDM), although it continues to argue that the elections were marred by fraud, has not called for their annulment. Instead, it is pursuing legal channels - the MDM election agent, Jose Manuel de Sousa, told reporters in Beira on Wednesday that it had compiled a dossier on electoral offences, which it would submit to the Attorney-General's Office.

The MDM leader and mayor of Beira, Daviz Simango, described the elections as "democratic illegality", but was pleased that the election of eight MDM members to the country's parliament, the Assembly of the Republic, broke the bipolar nature of that institution.

Simango had the grace to congratulate the winners and wish them well in their governance, even though he regarded the results more a product of the electoral bodies than of the electorate.

“The Mozambican people were the main winners” - Frelimo

The Central Committee Secretary for Mobilisation and Propaganda of Mozambique's ruling Frelimo Party, Edson Macuacua, declared on Wednesday that the main winners of the 28 October general elections were the Mozambican people "who knew how to make the right choice".

Macuacua was speaking to reporters at the Frelimo Maputo headquarters shortly after the announcement, by the National Elections Commission (CNE), of the official results.

Macuacua declared that the electorate had displayed a high level of political awareness, maturity and responsibility. "Mozambicans showed a high degree of self-esteem, a high spirit of citizenship, sovereignty and patriotism, and exercised their civic right to vote in a peaceful, massive and orderly fashion", he said.

As for the fairness of the elections, Macuacua only needed to point to the fact that opposition members of the election commissions had approved the results at all levels - district, provincial and national. "The CNE has not recorded protests or claims based on which the results of these elections can be disputed", he said.

Renamo has two appointees on all the district and provincial elections commissions and on the CNE itself. Despite the Renamo leadership's claims of fraud, none of these Renamo appointees voted against acceptance of the results.

This has made those Renamo members of the commissions complicit in obvious malpractice - such as the impossibly high turnouts in parts of Gaza and Tete provinces where there were polling station results sheets which claimed that 100 per cent or more than 100 per cent of the registered electorate voted.

Macuacua stressed that, by giving over 75 per cent of their votes to Frelimo and to incumbent President Armando Guebuza, Mozambicans had shown their confidence in the party and its candidate.

"The Mozambican people deposited a conscious vote, a rational vote, a vote for the continuity of peace, stability and development", he stressed. They wanted Frelimo and Guebuza "to continue their noble mission of serving the country and the people, and to continue leading the struggle against poverty".

Asked whether Frelimo would accept an amendment to the parliamentary standing orders, so that the Mozambique Democratic Movement (MDM) could form an official parliamentary group, Macuacua left the question open.

The MDM managed to elect eight deputies, but the standing orders say that a parliamentary group must have at least 11 deputies. Without a parliamentary group, the MDM will not be able to appoint anyone to the Standing Commission, the governing board of the Mozambican parliament, the Assembly of the Republic, and it will not have the right to chair any of the working commissions.

Macuacua said that Frelimo would continue to be guided by the law (and the standing orders have the force of law), but would always be "open to dialogue".

The MDM will doubtless point out that the Constitution sets no limit to the size of a parliamentary group. It merely states that "deputies elected by each party may form a parliamentary group", and that "the constitution and organisation of the parliamentary group are fixed by the standing orders".

There is no mention in the Constitution of any threshold a party must cross before it can form a parliamentary group.






email: Mozambique News Agency

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